“Solitary confinement facts.” American Friends Service Committee. https://www.afsc.org/resource/solitary-confinement-facts. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.
This piece about solitary confinement defines solitary confinement, tells about the effects is has on humans, explains why solitary confinement is considered to be torture, tells why people are placed there and what is being done to stop it. I can use many things from this piece, especially the part talking about effects solitary confinement has on prisoners mentally:
- Visual and auditory hallucinations
- Hypersensitivity to noise and touch
- Insomnia and paranoia
- Uncontrollable feelings of rage and fear
- Distortions of time and perception
- Increased risk of suicide
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
I can use facts from this in my audio project to inform listeners about the psychological effects solitary confinement has on prisoners. I am thinking about putting these toward the beginning/middle.
Arrigo, Bruce . “The Psychological Effects of Solitary Confinement on Prisoners in Supermax Units.” International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology. vol. 52, no. 6, 2008, pp. 622-640. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.950.1650&rep=rep1&type=pdf. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.
This article talks about the psychological effects solitary confinement has on prisoners and policy changes we can make in the future for prison reform. It includes history of solitary confinement, such as the abolition of solitary confinement in 1890 because prisoners who were placed in solitary confinement were becoming insane, having mental activity so low that they could not be members of the community, and some ultimately committed suicide. I can mention this history in my audio project by stating something like “the same research on solitary confinement that was found over 120 years ago is being found in our prisons today: insanity, mental deterioration and ultimately suicide. If we know the research, why are we continuing this destructive behavior?”